Can I Substitute?

balance is a puzzle; ingredients are the pieces

The individual ingredients you use in your dog's bowl each contribute their own unique set of nutrients. By swapping them without understanding how these nutritional profiles differ, you may be shortchanging or overproviding nutrients. I have created these infographics to help show you at a glance the strengths, weaknesses, and differences in common raw feeding ingredients. You may be surprised at how wildly nutritional profiles can differ even between different cuts of the same animal!

Nutritional profiles of oily fish: D3 & Omega-3 fatty acids

Sockeye Salmon:
Per 100 grams
563 IUs D3
.251 grams EPA
.471 grams DHA

Sardine:
Per 100 grams
137 IUs D3
.324 grams EPA
.342 grams DHA

Spanish Mackerel: 
Per 100 grams
292 IUs D3
.329 grams EPA
1.012 grams DHA

Rainbow Smelt:
Per 100 grams
31 IUs D3
.275 grams EPA
.418 grams DHA

Nutritional profiles of chicken muscle meat: 
Macros, zinc, iron, & fatty acids

Breast meat:
Per 100 grams
2.26 g fat
22.5 g protein
0.68 mg zinc
0.37 mg iron
0.319 g linoleic acid (omega-6)

Thigh meat:
Per 100 grams
4.12 g fat
19.6 g protein
1.58 mg zinc
0.81 mg iron
0.748 g linoleic acid (omega-6)

Heart: 
Per 100 grams
9.33 g fat
15.55 g protein
6.59 mg zinc
5.96 mg iron
1.9 g linoleic acid (omega-6)

Gizzard:
Per 100 grams
2.06 g fat
17.66 g protein
2.72 mg zinc
2.49 mg iron
0.246 g linoleic acid (omega-6)

Nutritional profiles of beef muscle meat: 
Macros, zinc & iron

80/20 ground:
Per 100 grams
20 g fat
17 g protein
1.94 mg iron
 4.18 mg zinc

Under blade pot roast:
Per 100 grams
6.07 g fat
21.3 g protein
2.34 mg iron
7.79 mg zinc

Top round steak: 
Per 100 grams
4.09 g fat
22 g protein
1.99 mg iron
4.36 mg iron

Stew meat:
Per 100 grams
4.48 g fat
21.75 g protein
2.12 mg iron
5.43 mg zinc

Nutritional profiles of heart muscle meat: 
Fat, selenium, zinc & iron

Chicken:
Per 100 grams
9.33 g fat
11.6 mcg selenium
5.96 mg iron
 6.59 mg zinc

Lamb:
Per 100 grams
5.68 g fat
32 mcg selenium
4.60 mg iron
1.87 mg zinc

Beef: 
Per 100 grams
3.94 g fat
21.8 mcg selenium
4.31 mg iron
1.7 mg zinc

Pork:
Per 100 grams
4.36 g fat
10.4 mcg selenium
4.68 mg iron
2.8 mg zinc

Nutritional profiles of liver: 
Vitamin A, copper, & iron 

Duck:
Per 100 grams
11, 984 mcg Vit A RAE
5.962 mg copper
 30.53 mg iron

Chicken:
Per 100 grams
3,296 mcg Vit A RAE
0.492 mg copper
8.99 mg iron

Beef: 
Per 100 grams
4, 968 mcg Vit A RAE
9.755 mg copper
 4.9 mg iron

Pork:
Per 100 grams
6,502 mcg Vit A RAE
0.677 mg copper
23.3 mg iron